magick - convert between image formats as well as resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw on, flip, join, re-sample, and much more.



magick − convert between image formats as well as resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw on, flip, join, re-sample, and much more.


magick [input-options] input-file [output-options] output-file


The magick program is a member of the ImageMagick(1) suite of tools. Use it to convert between image formats as well as resize an image, blur, crop, despeckle, dither, draw on, flip, join, re-sample, and much more.

For more information about the magick command, point your browser to file:///usr/share/doc/ImageMagick-7/www/magick.html or


Image Settings:
−adjoin join images into a single multi-image file
−affine matrix affine transform matrix
−antialias remove pixel-aliasing
−authenticate value decrypt image with this password
−background color background color
−bias value add bias when convolving an image
use black point compensation
−blue-primary point chromaticity blue primary point
−bordercolor color border color
−caption string assign a caption to an image
−cdl filename color correct with a color decision list
−colors value preferred number of colors in the image
−colorspace type alternate image colorspace
−comment string annotate image with comment
−compose operator set image composite operator
−compress type type of pixel compression when writing the image
−decipher filename magick cipher pixels to plain pixels
−define format:option
define one or more image format options
−delay centiseconds display the next image after pausing
−density geometry horizontal and vertical density of the image
−depth value image depth
−direction type render text right-to-left or left-to-right
−display server get image or font from this X server
−dispose method layer disposal method
−dither method apply error diffusion to image
−encipher filename magick plain pixels to cipher pixels
−encoding type text encoding type
−endian type endianness (MSB or LSB) of the image
−family name render text with this font family
−fill color color to use when filling a graphic primitive
−filter type use this filter when resizing an image
−flatten flatten a sequence of images
−font name render text with this font
−format "string" output formatted image characteristics
−fuzz distance colors within this distance are considered equal
−gravity type horizontal and vertical text placement
−green-primary point chromaticity green primary point
−intent type type of rendering intent when managing the image color
−interlace type type of image interlacing scheme
−interpolate method pixel color interpolation method
−kerning value set the space between two letters
−label string assign a label to an image
−limit type value pixel cache resource limit
−loop iterations add Netscape loop extension to your GIF animation
−mask filename associate a mask with the image
−matte store matte channel if the image has one
−mattecolor color frame color
−monitor monitor progress
−orient type image orientation
−origin geometry image origin
−page geometry size and location of an image canvas (setting)
−ping efficiently determine image attributes
−pointsize value font point size
−preview type image preview type
−quality value JPEG/MIFF/PNG compression level
−quiet suppress all warning messages
−red-primary point chromaticity red primary point
−regard-warnings pay attention to warning messages
−repage geometry size and location of an image canvas
−sampling-factor geometry
horizontal and vertical sampling factor
−scene value image scene number
−seed value seed a new sequence of pseudo-random numbers
−size geometry width and height of image
−statistic type geometry
replace each pixel with corresponding statistic from the neighborhood
−stretch type render text with this font stretch
−stroke color graphic primitive stroke color
−strokewidth value graphic primitive stroke width
−style type render text with this font style
−support factor resize support: > 1.0 is blurry, < 1.0 is sharp
−synchronize synchronize image to storage device
−taint declare the image as modified
−texture filename name of texture to tile onto the image background
−tile-offset geometry
tile offset
−treedepth value color tree depth
−transparent-color color
transparent color
−undercolor color annotation bounding box color
−units type the units of image resolution
−verbose print detailed information about the image
−view FlashPix viewing transforms
−virtual-pixel method
virtual pixel access method
−weight type render text with this font weight
−white-point point chromaticity white point

Image Operators:
−adaptive-blur geometry
adaptively blur pixels; decrease effect near edges
−adaptive-resize geometry
adaptively resize image with data dependent triangulation
−adaptive-sharpen geometry
adaptively sharpen pixels; increase effect near edges
−annotate geometry text
annotate the image with text
−auto-orient automatically orient image
−bilateral-blur geometry
non-linear, edge-preserving, and noise-reducing smoothing filter
−black-threshold value
force all pixels below the threshold into black
−blur geometry reduce image noise and reduce detail levels
−border geometry surround image with a border of color
−channel mask set the image channel mask
−charcoal radius simulate a charcoal drawing
−chop geometry remove pixels from the image interior
−clip clip along the first path from the 8BIM profile
−clip-mask filename associate a clip mask with the image
−clip-path id clip along a named path from the 8BIM profile
−colorize value colorize the image with the fill color
−color-matrix matrix apply color correction to the image
−contrast enhance or reduce the image contrast
−contrast-stretch geometry
improve contrast by ‘stretching’ the intensity range
−convolve coefficients
apply a convolution kernel to the image
−cycle amount cycle the image colormap
−despeckle reduce the speckles within an image
−draw string annotate the image with a graphic primitive
−edge radius apply a filter to detect edges in the image
−emboss radius emboss an image
−enhance apply a digital filter to enhance a noisy image
−equalize perform histogram equalization to an image
−evaluate operator value
evaluate an arithmetic, relational, or logical expression
−extent geometry set the image size
−extract geometry extract area from image
−fft implements the discrete Fourier transform (DFT)
−flip flip image vertically
−floodfill geometry color
floodfill the image with color
−flop flop image horizontally
−frame geometry surround image with an ornamental border
−function name apply a function to the image
−gamma value level of gamma correction
−gaussian-blur geometry
reduce image noise and reduce detail levels
−geometry geometry preferred size or location of the image
−identify identify the format and characteristics of the image
−ift implements the inverse discrete Fourier transform (DFT)
−implode amount implode image pixels about the center
−integral calculate the sum of values (pixel values) in the image
−lat geometry local adaptive thresholding
−layers method optimize or compare image layers
−level value adjust the level of image contrast
−linear-stretch geometry
improve contrast by ‘stretching with saturation’ the intensity range
−median geometry apply a median filter to the image
−mode geometry make each pixel the ’predominant color’ of the neighborhood
−modulate value vary the brightness, saturation, and hue
−monochrome transform image to black and white
−morphology method kernel
apply a morphology method to the image
−motion-blur geometry
simulate motion blur
−negate replace each pixel with its complementary color
−noise geometry add or reduce noise in an image
−normalize transform image to span the full range of colors
−opaque color change this color to the fill color
−ordered-dither NxN
add a noise pattern to the image with specific amplitudes
−paint radius simulate an oil painting
−polaroid angle simulate a Polaroid picture
−posterize levels reduce the image to a limited number of color levels
−print string interpret string and print to console
−profile filename add, delete, or apply an image profile
−quantize colorspace reduce colors in this colorspace
−radial-blur angle radial blur the image
−raise value lighten/darken image edges to create a 3-D effect
−random-threshold low,high
random threshold the image
−range-threshold values
perform either hard or soft thresholding within some range of values in an image
−region geometry apply options to a portion of the image
−render render vector graphics
−resample geometry change the resolution of an image
−resize geometry resize the image
−roll geometry roll an image vertically or horizontally
−rotate degrees apply Paeth rotation to the image
−sample geometry scale image with pixel sampling
−scale geometry scale the image
−segment values segment an image
−selective-blur geometry
selectively blur pixels within a contrast threshold
−sepia-tone threshold
simulate a sepia-toned photo
−set property value set an image property
−shade degrees shade the image using a distant light source
−shadow geometry simulate an image shadow
−sharpen geometry sharpen the image
−shave geometry shave pixels from the image edges
−shear geometry slide one edge of the image along the X or Y axis
−sigmoidal-contrast geometry
lightness rescaling using sigmoidal contrast enhancement
−sketch geometry simulate a pencil sketch
−solarize threshold negate all pixels above the threshold level
−sort-pixels sort each scanline in ascending order of intensity
−splice geometry splice the background color into the image
−spread amount displace image pixels by a random amount
−strip strip image of all profiles and comments
−swirl degrees swirl image pixels about the center
−threshold value threshold the image
−thumbnail geometry create a thumbnail of the image
−tile filename tile image when filling a graphic primitive
−tint value tint the image with the fill color
−transform affine transform image
−transparent color make this color transparent within the image
−transpose flip image vertically and rotate 90 degrees
−transverse flop image horizontally and rotate 270 degrees
−trim trim image edges
−type type image type
−unique-colors discard all but one of any pixel color
−unsharp geometry sharpen the image
−vignette geometry soften the edges of the image in vignette style
−wave geometry alter an image along a sine wave
−white-threshold value
force all pixels above the threshold into white

Image Channel Operators:
−channel-extract channel-list
extract the channels in order
−channel-inject channel-list
inject the channels in order
−channel-swap channel,channel
swap the channels

Image Sequence Operators:
−affinity filename transform image colors to match this set of colors
−append append an image sequence top to bottom (use +append for left to right)
−clut apply a color lookup table to the image
−coalesce merge a sequence of images
−combine combine a sequence of images
−composite composite image
−crop geometry cut out a rectangular region of the image
−deconstruct break down an image sequence into constituent parts
−evaluate-sequence operator
evaluate an arithmetic, relational, or logical expression
−flatten flatten a sequence of images
−fx expression apply mathematical expression to an image channel(s)
−hald-clut apply a Hald color lookup table to the image
−morph value morph an image sequence
−mosaic create a mosaic from an image sequence
−process arguments process the image with a custom image filter
−separate separate an image channel into a grayscale image
−smush geometry smush an image sequence together
−write filename write images to this file

Image Stack Operators:
−clone indexes clone an image
−delete indexes delete the image from the image sequence
−duplicate count,indexes
duplicate an image one or more times
−insert index insert last image into the image sequence
−swap indexes swap two images in the image sequence

Miscellaneous Options:
−debug events display copious debugging information
−help print program options
−log format format of debugging information
−list type print a list of supported option arguments
−version print version information

Use any setting or operator as an output-option. Only a limited number of setting are input-option. They include: −antialias, −caption, −density, −define, −encoding, −font, −pointsize, −size, and −texture as well as any of the miscellaneous options.

By default, the image format of ‘file’ is determined by its magic number. To specify a particular image format, precede the filename with an image format name and a colon (i.e. ps:image) or specify the image type as the filename suffix (i.e. Specify ’file’ as ’-’ for standard input or output.




Copyright (C) 1999 ImageMagick Studio LLC. Additional copyrights and licenses apply to this software, see file:///usr/share/doc/ImageMagick-7/www/license.html or

Updated 2024-01-29 - |