efisecdb - utility for managing UEFI signature lists

NAME  SYNOPSIS  DESCRIPTION  OPTIONS  EXAMPLES  Dumping the current system’s DBX database with annotations  Building a new EFI Security Database for use as KEK, replacing onecertificate.  Searchingthe list of well-known GUIDs  STANDARDS  SEE ALSO  AUTHORS  BUGS 


efisecdb − utility for managing UEFI signature lists


efisecdb [−s SORT] [−i file [−i file] ...]   [−g guid−a −r⟩ ⟨[−t hash-type−h hash | −c file⟩   [−g guid−a −r⟩ ⟨[−t hash-type−h hash | −c file⟩] ...] ⟨−d [−A] | −o file | −L


efisecdb is a command line utility for management of UEFI signature lists in detached files. That is, it’s for command line generation and management of files in the format of KEK, DB, and DBX.

Operation occurs in three phases:


Loading of security databases specified with −−input


Left-to-right processing of other options, using −−hash-type, −−owner-guid, −−add, and −−remove as state to build selectors to add or remove hashes and certificates specified by −−hash and −−certificate.


Generation of output

The accumulated state is persistent; once an Owner GUID, Add or Delete operation, or hash type are specified, they need only be present again to change the operations that follow. Operations are added to the list to process when −h hash or −c cert are specified, and are processed in the order they appear. Additionally, at least one −g argument and either −−add or −−remove must appear before the first use of −h hash or −c cert.


−s | −−sort⟩ ⟨all | data | none | type

Sort by data after sorting and grouping entry types, entry data, no sorting, or by entry type

−s | −−sort⟩ ⟨ascending | descending

Sort in ascending or descending order

−i file | −−infile file

Read EFI Security Database from file

−g guid | −−owner-guid guid

Use the specified GUID or symbolic refrence (i.e. {empty}) for forthcoming addition and removal operations

−a | −−add | −r | −−remove

Select add or remove for forthcoming operations

−t hash-type | −−hash-type hash-type

Select hash-type for forthcoming addition and removal operations (default sha256)

Use hash-type help to list supported hash types.

−h hash | −−hash hash

Add or remove the specified hash

−c file | −−certificate file

Add or remove the specified certificate

−d | −−dump

Produce a hex dump of the output

−A | −−annotate

Annotate the hex dump produced by −−dump

−o file | −−outfile file

Write EFI Security Database to file

−L | −−list-guids

List the well known guids

The output is tab delimited: GUID short_name desription


Dumping the current system’s DBX database with annotations

host:˜$ efisecdb -d -A -i /sys/firmware/efi/efivars/dbx-d719b2cb-3d3a-4596-a3bc-dad00e67656f
00000000 26 16 c4 c1 4c 50 92 40 ac a9 41 f9 36 93 43 28 |&[email protected](| esl[0].signature_type = {sha256}
00000010 60 00 00 00 |....| esl[0].signature_list_size = 96
00000014 00 00 00 00 |....| esl[0].signature_header_size = 0
00000018 30 00 00 00 |0...| esl[0].signature_size = 48
0000001c esl[0].signature_header (end:0x0000001c)
0000001c bd 9a fa 77 |...w| esl[0].signature[0].owner = {microsoft}
00000020 59 03 32 4d bd 60 28 f4 e7 8f 78 4b |Y.2M.‘(...xK|
0000002c fe cf b2 32 |...2| esl[0].signature[0].data (end:0x0000004c)
00000030 d1 2e 99 4b 6d 48 5d 2c 71 67 72 8a a5 52 59 84 |...KmH],qgr..RY.|
00000040 ad 5c a6 1e 75 16 22 1f 07 9a 14 36 |...u."....6|
0000004c bd 9a fa 77 |...w| esl[0].signature[1].owner = {microsoft}
00000050 59 03 32 4d bd 60 28 f4 e7 8f 78 4b |Y.2M.‘(...xK|
0000005c fe 63 a8 4f |.c.O| esl[0].signature[1].data (end:0x0000007c)
00000060 78 2c c9 d3 fc f2 cc f9 fc 11 fb d0 37 60 87 87 |x,..........7‘..|
00000070 58 d2 62 85 ed 12 66 9b dc 6e 6d 01 |X.b...f..nm.|

Building a new EFI Security Database for use as KEK, replacing onecertificate.

# Figure out the original cert... the easy way
host:˜$ strings KEK-* | grep microsoft.*crt

# Find it, because --export isn’t implemented yet
host:˜$ wget \
--user-agent=’Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 10.0; WOW64; Trident/7.0; rv:11.0) like Gecko’ \

--2020-06-04 20:41:27-- http://www.microsoft.com/pki/certs/MicCorThiParMarRoo_2010-10-05.crt
Resolving www.microsoft.com (www.microsoft.com)... 2600:141b:800:287::356e, 2600:141b:800:2a0::356e,
Connecting to www.microsoft.com (www.microsoft.com)|2600:141b:800:287::356e|:80... connected.
HTTP request sent, awaiting response... 200 OK
Length: 1539 (1.5K) [application/octet-stream]
Saving to: ‘MicCorThiParMarRoo_2010-10-05.crt’

MicCorThiParMarRoo_ 100%[===================>] 1.50K --.-KB/s in 0s

2020-06-04 20:41:27 (177 MB/s) - ‘MicCorThiParMarRoo_2010-10-05.crt’ saved [1539/1539]

# Pick a GUID-like object, any GUID-like object...
host:˜$ uuidgen

# Remove the old KEK entry and add a different one
host:˜$ efisecdb -i KEK-8be4df61-93ca-11d2-aa0d-00e098032b8c \
-g {microsoft} -r -c MicCorThiParMarRoo_2010-10-05.crt \
-g aab3960c-501e-485e-ac59-62805970a3dd -a -c pjkek.cer \
-o newkek.bin

Searchingthe list of well-known GUIDs

host:˜$ efisecdb -L | grep shim





UEFI Specification Working Group, Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) Specification Version 2.8, Unified Extensible Firmware Interface Forum, https://uefi.org/specifications , March 2019.


authvar(1), efikeygen(1), pesign(1)


Peter Jones


efisecdb is currently lacking several useful features:

positional exporting of certificates

−−dump and −−annotate do not adjust the output width for the terminal

certificates can’t be specified for removal by their ToBeSigned hash

Updated 2024-01-29 - jenkler.se | uex.se