borg-extract - Extract archive contents

NAME  SYNOPSIS  DESCRIPTION  OPTIONS  arguments  options  Include/Exclude options  EXAMPLES  SEE ALSO  AUTHOR 


borg-extract − Extract archive contents


borg [common options] extract [options] ARCHIVE [PATH...]


This command extracts the contents of an archive. By default the entire archive is extracted but a subset of files and directories can be selected by passing a list of PATHs as arguments. The file selection can further be restricted by using the −−exclude option.

For more help on include/exclude patterns, see the borg_patterns command output.

By using −−dry−run, you can do all extraction steps except actually writing the output data: reading metadata and data chunks from the repo, checking the hash/hmac, decrypting, decompressing.

−−progress can be slower than no progress display, since it makes one additional pass over the archive metadata.


Currently, extract always writes into the current working directory ("."), so make sure you cd to the right place before calling borg extract.

When parent directories are not extracted (because of using file/directory selection or any other reason), borg can not restore parent directories' metadata, e.g. owner, group, permission, etc.


See borg−common(1) for common options of Borg commands.



archive to extract


paths to extract; patterns are supported



output verbose list of items (files, dirs, ...)

−n, −−dry−run

do not actually change any files


deprecated, use −−numeric−ids instead


only obey numeric user and group identifiers


deprecated, use −−noflags instead


do not extract/set flags (e.g. NODUMP, IMMUTABLE)


do not extract/set ACLs


do not extract/set xattrs


write all extracted data to stdout


create holes in output sparse file from all−zero chunks

Include/Exclude options


exclude paths matching PATTERN

−−exclude−from EXCLUDEFILE

read exclude patterns from EXCLUDEFILE, one per line

−−pattern PATTERN

include/exclude paths matching PATTERN

−−patterns−from PATTERNFILE

read include/exclude patterns from PATTERNFILE, one per line

−−strip−components NUMBER

Remove the specified number of leading path elements. Paths with fewer elements will be silently skipped.


# Extract entire archive
$ borg extract /path/to/repo::my−files

# Extract entire archive and list files while processing
$ borg extract −−list /path/to/repo::my−files

# Verify whether an archive could be successfully extracted, but do not write files to disk
$ borg extract −−dry−run /path/to/repo::my−files

# Extract the "src" directory
$ borg extract /path/to/repo::my−files home/USERNAME/src

# Extract the "src" directory but exclude object files
$ borg extract /path/to/repo::my−files home/USERNAME/src −−exclude '*.o'

# Restore a raw device (must not be active/in use/mounted at that time)
$ borg extract −−stdout /path/to/repo::my−sdx | dd of=/dev/sdx bs=10M


borg−common(1), borg−mount(1)


The Borg Collective

Updated 2024-01-29 - |